Flying Tigers
3rd edition

Three Tigers Come Home, 1941-2017

John Armstrong Maax Hammer Peter Atkinson

Seventy-five years after they died, three Flying Tiger pilots have come home -- or more accurately, they've been home since 1947, only nobody seemed to know about it. From left to right, they are John Armstrong, killed September 8, 1941; Maax Hammer, killed September 22; and Peter Atkinson, killed October 25. Each was on a training flight in a Curtiss Tomahawk, similar to the US Army P-40B. They were buried at St. Luke's anglican church in Toungoo. Unknown to their families, the remains were exhumed after the war, taken to India, then reburied at the Punchbowl Cemetery on Oahu, Hawaii. And there they have rested ever since, while the next generation of relatives tried to find out what happened to them. Only last summer were the graves were dug up and the remains removed to the US military lab in Hawaii for DNA testing. Finally, a week or so ago, the word came back: Armstrong, Hammer, and Atkinson have all been positively identified.

These portraits by Raymond Nielson were commissioned in 1945 by Bill Pawley, head of the company that had fed and housed the AVG in Burma. Pawley sponsored an exhibit and a 75-page booklet entitled Americans Valiant and Glorious, celebrating the 27 Tiger fatalities. He was trying to ingratiate himself with Chennault and the veterans' group; it didn't work, but Mr Nielson's paintings survived and are now on display at the Museum of Aviation at Robbins Air Force Base in Georgia.

Armstrong buried at St. Luke's

John Armstrong was buried at St. Luke's graveyard the day after his Tomahawk collided with the plane flown by Gil Bright. A teakwood casket and flowers were sent up by Bill Pawley from the CAMCO office in Rangoon. AVG chaplain Paul Frillmann reads the service from an open bible. (Photo: National Air & Space Museum)

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